Landour is a small cantonment town situated in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is located around 6 km away from Mussoorie, another popular hill station. The town is perched at an altitude of 7,500 feet above sea level and offers stunning views of the Himalayan range. It is known for its pristine beauty, colonial architecture, and serene atmosphere.
The history of Landour dates back to the British colonial era. It was founded in 1827 by the East India Company as a military cantonment to house British troops. The town was named after a Welsh military officer, Sir Henry Landor, who served in the Bengal Native Infantry. Landour served as a key military base during the British Raj and played an important role in the Anglo-Nepalese War of 1814-16.
During the 19th century, Landour emerged as a popular hill station among the British. They built many bungalows, churches, and schools in the town, which gave it a distinct colonial character. The town also became a hub of education and culture, with many prestigious schools and colleges being established here. Some of the famous schools in Landour include Woodstock School, Wynberg-Allen School, and St. George's College.
Landour is located in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand, which is known for its rugged mountains, dense forests, and picturesque valleys. The town is situated on a ridge that overlooks the Doon Valley on one side and the Himalayan range on the other. The town is surrounded by dense oak and pine forests, which provide a serene and peaceful atmosphere. The nearby hills offer numerous trekking and hiking trails, which attract adventure enthusiasts from all over the world.
Landour has a pleasant climate throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C. The summer season lasts from March to June, with temperatures ranging from 15°C to 25°C. This is the best time to visit Landour, as the weather is pleasant and the town is covered with lush greenery. The monsoon season lasts from July to September, and the town receives heavy rainfall during this period. The winter season lasts from October to February, with temperatures ranging from 5°C to 15°C. This is the time when the town receives snowfall, and the hills are covered with a thick layer of snow.
Landour has a unique culture that reflects its colonial past and the local traditions. The town has a large population of Anglo-Indians, who are a blend of British and Indian cultures. They have their own distinct cuisine, music, and dance forms. The town also has a rich literary tradition, with many famous writers and poets having lived here. Some of the famous literary figures associated with Landour include Ruskin Bond, Bill Aitken, and Stephen Alter.
Landour has many tourist attractions that offer a glimpse into its rich history and culture. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Landour include:
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