Lawngtlai is a town located in the southern part of the Indian state of Mizoram. It is the district headquarters of the Lawngtlai district, which was formed in 1998 by bifurcating the then Chhimtuipui district. The town is situated on the banks of the river Chhimtuipui and is surrounded by beautiful hills and valleys. The district is home to the Lai tribe, one of the major ethnic groups in Mizoram.
The history of Lawngtlai is intertwined with the history of the Lai tribe. The Lai people are believed to have migrated to Mizoram from the Shan state of Myanmar. They settled in the southern part of Mizoram and established their own kingdom, which was known as the 'Lai Autonomous District'. The Lai kingdom was ruled by a chief called 'Laisawnga'. The Lai people had a rich cultural heritage and were known for their skills in weaving, handicrafts, and music.
In the late 19th century, the British established their presence in the region and began to exert their influence over the Lai people. The Lai Autonomous District was abolished in 1898, and the Lai people were made to pay taxes to the British government. The Lai people resisted the British rule and rebelled against them in 1899. The rebellion was led by a Lai chief called 'Katawna', who was later arrested and hanged by the British.
In 1947, when India gained independence from British rule, Mizoram became a part of India. The Lai people were given autonomy under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. In 1952, the Lai Hills Autonomous District Council was formed to administer the Lai Autonomous District. The district was renamed the Chhimtuipui district in 1971 and was later bifurcated to form the Lawngtlai district in 1998.
Lawngtlai is located in the southern part of Mizoram and is bordered by Myanmar to the east and south. The town is situated on the banks of the river Chhimtuipui, which is also known as the Karnaphuli river. The river is the longest river in Mizoram and is an important source of water for the region. Lawngtlai is surrounded by beautiful hills and valleys, and the area is rich in flora and fauna.
The Lawngtlai district has a total area of 2,557 square kilometers and is divided into four administrative blocks, namely, Lawngtlai, Sangau, Bungtlang South, and Chawngte. The district is home to several important rivers, including the Chhimtuipui, Tuipui, and Tlawng rivers. The district is also home to several important wildlife sanctuaries, including the Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary and the Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary.
The Lawngtlai district has a population of around 117,000 people, according to the 2011 Census of India. The district is home to several ethnic groups, including the Lai, Chakma, Mara, and Hmar tribes. The Lai tribe is the largest ethnic group in the district and constitutes around 70% of the total population. The district is also home to a small number of non-tribal communities, including the Bengali and Assamese communities.
The economy of Lawngtlai is predominantly agrarian. The district is known for its production of paddy, maize, and pulses. The Lai people are also skilled in weaving and handicrafts, and these industries provide a source of livelihood for many people in the district.
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