Jowai is a town located in the Jaintia Hills district of the northeastern state of Meghalaya in India. It is situated about 64 kilometers from the state capital Shillong and is the district headquarters of Jaintia Hills. Jowai is a picturesque town surrounded by hills and is known for its natural beauty and cultural heritage.
Jowai has a rich history dating back to the pre-colonial era when it was ruled by the Jaintia kings. The Jaintia Hills were ruled by a number of small chieftains before the arrival of the British in the 19th century. The Jaintia kingdom was one of the last bastions of tribal resistance against British rule in Meghalaya. The British annexed the Jaintia Hills in 1835, and Jowai became the administrative headquarters of the Jaintia Hills district.
Jowai is located in the eastern part of Meghalaya and is surrounded by the Jaintia Hills. The town is situated at an altitude of 1380 meters above sea level and covers an area of 1468 square kilometers. The river Myntdu flows through Jowai and is an important source of water for the town. The climate in Jowai is cool and temperate throughout the year, with average temperatures ranging from 15°C to 25°C.
Jowai has a population of around 25,000 people, according to the 2011 census. The majority of the population is made up of Jaintia tribes, who speak the Jaintia language. The town also has a significant population of non-tribals, including Bengalis, Assamese, Nepalis, and people from other parts of India. The literacy rate in Jowai is around 75%, which is higher than the national average.
Jowai's economy is predominantly agricultural, with rice, maize, and potatoes being the major crops grown in the region. The town is also known for its coal mines, which provide employment to a large number of people. The coal mines have, however, had a negative impact on the environment and have led to soil erosion and deforestation in the region. Tourism is also an important source of income for the town, with visitors coming to see the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the region.
Jowai has a rich cultural heritage, and the Jaintia tribes have a unique culture and way of life. The Jaintias are known for their weaving and handicrafts, and the town has a number of markets where visitors can buy traditional Jaintia clothing and handicrafts. The Jaintia Hills are also known for their music, dance, and festivals, with the Behdeinkhlam festival being the most important festival of the region.
Jowai is a popular tourist destination, with visitors coming to see the natural beauty and cultural heritage of the region. Some of the popular tourist attractions in and around Jowai include:
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