Gulbarga, also known as Kalaburagi, is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. Located in the northern part of the state, it is the administrative headquarters of the Gulbarga district. The city has a rich history and culture, and is known for its unique blend of Hindu and Islamic architecture.
The history of Gulbarga dates back to the 6th century AD, when it was known as Kalburgi. It was ruled by the Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, and the Kalachuri dynasties before being conquered by the Bahmani Sultanate in the 14th century. The city served as the capital of the Bahmani Sultanate for over 150 years and was later ruled by the Adil Shahis, the Mughals, and the Nizams of Hyderabad before becoming a part of independent India in 1947.
Gulbarga is located in the northern part of Karnataka and covers an area of approximately 64 square kilometers. It is situated at an elevation of 458 meters above sea level and is surrounded by the Deccan plateau. The city is situated on the banks of the Bhima River, which flows through the district. The climate of Gulbarga is characterized by hot summers and cool winters, with temperatures ranging from 15°C to 40°C.
As of the 2011 census, the population of Gulbarga was 533,587. The city has a literacy rate of 72.28% and a sex ratio of 962 females for every 1000 males. The majority of the population in Gulbarga is Hindu, followed by Muslims, Christians, and Sikhs.
Gulbarga is an important commercial and industrial center in Karnataka. The city has a strong presence in the cement, sugar, and textile industries, and is also known for its agriculture and horticulture. The Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development Corporation (KSIIDC) has established an industrial estate in Gulbarga, which houses several small and medium-sized enterprises.
Gulbarga is known for its unique blend of Hindu and Islamic culture. The city has a rich tradition of music, dance, and literature, and is home to several prominent artists and writers. The annual Urs festival, which is celebrated at the famous Khwaja Bande Nawaz Dargah, is one of the most important cultural events in the city. The festival attracts thousands of visitors from across the country and is marked by music, dance, and feasting.
Gulbarga is a popular tourist destination in Karnataka, known for its rich history and cultural heritage. The city is home to several important historical monuments, including the Gulbarga Fort, which was built by the Bahmani Sultanate in the 14th century. The fort is a fine example of Islamic architecture and features several mosques, palaces, and gardens.
Another important monument in Gulbarga is the Khwaja Bande Nawaz Dargah, which is a mausoleum built in honor of the famous Sufi saint Khwaja Bande Nawaz. The dargah is located in the heart of the city and is a popular pilgrimage site for Muslims.
Other popular tourist attractions in Gulbarga include the Sharana Basaveshwara Temple, the Buddha Vihar, and the Haft Gumbaz. The city is also known for its traditional handicrafts, including Bidriware, which is a type of metalwork that originated in the city.
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