Netarhat is a picturesque town located in the Latehar district of Jharkhand, India. Situated at an elevation of 1,128 meters above sea level, it is also known as the 'Queen of Chotanagpur.' Netarhat is known for its natural beauty, rich history, and cultural heritage.
Netarhat has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to the early 19th century. The town was established in 1847 by Sir Charles Henry Netarhat, who was the commissioner of Chotanagpur at that time. Sir Charles Henry Netarhat was impressed with the scenic beauty and climate of the area, and he decided to develop the town as a summer retreat for the British officials.
During the British Raj, Netarhat was a popular summer resort for the British officers, who would escape the sweltering heat of the plains and enjoy the cool climate and serene surroundings of the town. The town was also a hub for the Jesuit missionaries, who established several schools and educational institutions in Netarhat.
Netarhat is located in the Chotanagpur Plateau region, which is known for its rolling hills, dense forests, and scenic waterfalls. The town is surrounded by dense forests of sal, teak, and bamboo, which provide a natural habitat for a variety of wildlife species such as tigers, leopards, deer, and birds.
Netarhat is situated at an altitude of 1,128 meters above sea level, and the weather is pleasant throughout the year. The town receives heavy rainfall during the monsoon season, which adds to the natural beauty of the place.
Netarhat has a population of around 5,000 people, according to the 2011 census. The town is predominantly inhabited by the tribal communities, such as Oraon, Munda, and Kharia. The people of Netarhat are known for their rich cultural heritage, and they celebrate various festivals throughout the year.
Netarhat's economy is primarily based on agriculture and tourism. The town is known for its horticultural produce, such as apples, peaches, and pears, which are grown in the orchards located in the surrounding hills.
Tourism is another major contributor to Netarhat's economy. The town's natural beauty, scenic surroundings, and cool climate attract a large number of tourists every year. There are several tourist attractions in Netarhat, such as the Magnolia Point, Netarhat Dam, Koel View Point, and Upper Ghaghri Falls.
Netarhat is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is reflected in its festivals, art, music, and cuisine. The town celebrates several festivals throughout the year, such as Sarhul, Karma, and Chhath Puja. These festivals are an opportunity for the people of Netarhat to showcase their cultural traditions and customs.
The art and music of Netarhat are also an integral part of its cultural heritage. The town is known for its tribal art, such as Paitkar and Sohrai, which are paintings made using natural dyes and pigments. The music of Netarhat is also unique and is influenced by the tribal communities' traditional folk songs and dance forms.
Cuisine is another important aspect of Netarhat's culture. The town is known for its traditional tribal cuisine, which is simple yet delicious. The cuisine is based on locally available ingredients such as rice, dal, vegetables, and meat.
The nearest airport to Netarhat is Ranchi Airport, which is located around 156 km away. From Ranchi, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach Netarhat.
Netarhat is well connected by road with major cities like Ranchi, Hazaribagh, and Patna. You can take a bus or hire a taxi to reach Netarhat.
The nearest railway station to Netarhat is Barwadih Junction, which is located around 70 km away. From Barwadih, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach Netarhat.
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